Diabetic Diet- How your body handles food

Diabetic Diet: How your body handles food

Ever wondered what happens to the food you eat in your body? Or why you are advised to avoid certain foods and stick to others while managing diabetes? Well, it’s because different foods contain nutrients that have various functions and our body processes them in different ways. In this article, we will see how our bodies handle different foods and what that means for someone managing diabetes. 

Carbohydrates: The Energy Source

Carbohydrates are the primary source of energy for our bodies. They come in various forms like sugars, starches, and fibers. Sugars and starches are broken down into glucose, which then enters our bloodstream, affecting our blood sugar levels. When you consume carbohydrates, your digestive system gets to work, breaking them down into smaller molecules. Enzymes in your saliva and digestive tract play a crucial role in this process. Eventually, carbohydrates are converted into glucose and absorbed into your bloodstream.

Now, here’s where insulin comes into play. Insulin, a hormone produced by your pancreas, acts like a key that unlocks your cells, allowing glucose to enter and be used for energy. For diabetics, either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or the cells become resistant to insulin (Type 2 diabetes), leading to high blood sugar levels.

Monitoring carbohydrate intake, especially as one manages diabetes, is essential to keep blood sugar levels stable. Choose complex carbohydrates like whole grains, vegetables, and fruits, as they have a gentler impact on blood sugar compared to refined sugars and starches.

Proteins: The Building Blocks

Proteins are the building blocks of our bodies, and crucial for tissue repair and growth. Unlike carbohydrates, proteins have minimal impact on blood sugar levels. During digestion, proteins are broken down into amino acids, which are then absorbed and used for various bodily functions.

Since proteins have little effect on blood sugar, they can be a great option for diabetics. However, be mindful of added fats or sugars in protein-rich foods.

Opt for lean sources of protein such as poultry, fish, and beans. These options can help you maintain a balanced diet without causing significant fluctuations in blood sugar.

Fats: The Essential Nutrients

Fats are another essential nutrient, providing energy and assisting in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K).

During digestion, fats are broken down into fatty acids and glycerol, which are then absorbed into the bloodstream.

Unlike carbohydrates, fats have a minimal direct impact on blood sugar levels. However, excessive consumption of unhealthy fats may contribute to weight gain, affecting insulin sensitivity. Healthy fats like those found in avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil are much better options in meals. Limit saturated and trans fats found in processed and fried foods to promote heart health and overall well-being.

Fiber: The Digestive Aid

Fiber plays a vital role in digestive health and can also help regulate blood sugar levels. Soluble fiber dissolves in water and can slow down the absorption of glucose, helping to stabilize blood sugar levels. Insoluble fiber adds bulk to stool, promoting regular bowel movements.

Fiber can help prevent sharp rises in blood sugar levels after a meal by slowing down the absorption of carbohydrates.

Add fiber-rich foods like whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes into your daily diet. These choices not only help with blood sugar regulation but also support a healthy gut.

With this knowledge, you can now make informed decisions about your diet, manage your diabetes more effectively, and improve your overall well-being. Remember, it’s essential to seek assistance as each person’s diabetes management plan may vary. The best way to get 24/7 health care assistance is by signing up for Meditrina for free today. 


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